Childhood Obesity

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Childhood Obesity 2018-04-23T11:51:25+00:00

Obesity is now being recognized as a major health problem in both developed and developing countries. India is facing a ‘double jeopardy’, with obesity emerging as an important health problem and ironically co-existing with significant undernutrition prevailing in different sections of the population. The major health consequences associated with overweight and obesity are type 2 diabetes, coronary heart diseases (CHD), hypertension, dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. Studies on urban Indian schoolchildren from different regions in India report a high prevalence of obese and overweight children. Clearly it is evident that not only the private schools, but also the public school adolescents are overweight / obese. Continued surveys conducted in New Delhi show a secular trend in the increase in the prevalence of obesity. Studies report a prevalence of overweight / obesity among urban private school going adolescents as 29% [1]. The main causes identified are intake of energy dense foods and lack of physical activity.

 

Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity among 14 – 18 year old urban Indian adolescents in 8 cities of India

City (number) Overall Overweight/Obesity Private Schools Public Schools
New Delhi (n = 11789) 22.0 31.5 9.2
Agra (n = 10013) 14.9 24.5 5.3
Jaipur (n = 9039) 10.4 15.9 5.4
Allahabad (n = 11940) 14.9 18.6 8.6
Mumbai (n = 2168) 22.3 33.9 8.4
Lucknow (n = 1053) 14.9 14.9 NA
Dehradun (n = 1879) 15.4 17.0 2.4
Pantnagar (n = 1561) 3.4 NA 3.4
All cities (n = 49442) 15.7 22.9 6.9