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Obesity

Obesity is a significant risk factor associated with the development of Diabetes, Cardio vascular disease and other non-communicable diseases. In an INDO-US collaborative study conducted among Asian Indians by Dr Anoop Misra and his team, it was recorded that the prevalence of obesity (Body Mass Index (BMI) >23 kg/m2) in urban areas was 65.41% and 31.8% in rural areas, respectively. Indians exhibit unique features of obesity—excess body fat, abdominal adiposity, increased subcutaneous and intra-abdominal fat, and deposition of fat in ectopic sites (liver, muscle, etc.). With improvement in the economic situation of the country, the prevalence of obesity is showing an marked upward trend in adults. The factors which escalate this problematic scenario are increasing urbanization, nutrition transition, and reduced physical activity.

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spacer Studies reported a 44% prevalence of elevation of cholesterol among men and 50% prevalence among women in urban Delhi during 1984-87. Dr Misra and his team recorded low levels of HDL-C levels in 15-16% of the people belonging to the low socio-economic stratum living in New Delhi.